Aside from the challenges in completing the implementation of agrarian reform, farmers also suffer from insecurity as a result of limited access to social protection measures – particularly in times of household crises and natural disasters. When Typhoon Haiyan (locally known as Yolanda) struck the Central Philippines in 2013, more than 145 000 households in Capiz and more than 175 000 households in Iloilo were affected. Most of these are farming households and have suffered from immense losses in their livelihood when the typhoon destroyed their ready-to-be-harvested crops. When Typhoon Agaton struck the province of Capiz on January 2018, it left behind damages to farmlands and fish stocks amounting to more than USD 18 million. This is particularly felt in typhoon-affected service areas of CARRD: in the years when there was considerable damage of typhoons, agriculture productivity loan repayment declined from 84 percent in 2012 to only 72 percent in 2013 after Typhoon Yolanda, while agricultural productivity declined by almost 17 percent. For rice producing farmers in Iloilo, this represents an average loss of about half a ton per hectare. In sugarcane farms in Capiz, agricultural productivity declined from 48 tons per hectare to only 42 tons per hectare. Thus, while ongoing efforts are being provided to support farmers in their agricultural productivity, adverse impacts of disasters and climate change undermined such initiatives. We believe that securing property rights does not only mean providing farmers with access to their most productive resources – land, but also improving their resilience to cope at the onset of household emergencies (sickness, disability and death) and natural calamities, as well as collectively assisting them in accessing services (such as common service facilities and farm infrastructure) that are difficult to afford because of the small size of their landholding.

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plans for social protection

The latest in agrarian reform from CARRD

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Studies and publications



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Agrarian reform and rural development in a post- CARPER scenario: From the perspective of civil society

This position paper was developed under the National Engagement Strategy (NES) of the International Land Coalition (ILC) in the Philippines.

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Collective CLOA and second generation issues

A preliminary brief

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Improving quality of life and work through sustainable agriculture

A program brief

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Center for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development
Nurturing land, nurturing people

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